The evolution and advancement of mobile broadband and immerging networks from 3G to 4G/LTE and for 4G to 5G technologies is driven by expanded capacity needs, enhanced throughput and better quality of service for wireless access where all the entities/devices/modules/things that can be interconnected are visioned to be connected in a consistent and seamless and consistent fashion. The International Telecommunications Union Radio communication Sector (ITU-R), in close joint effort with different partners including the worldwide mobile industry, has embarked on characterizing the procedure, course of events and deliverables for the upcoming generations of IMT framework. The 3G and 4G advance technologies have specifically centered around the the provision of versatile broadband utilization of mobile networks, giving improved channel capacity and offering higher information transfer rates. This will definitely and unmistakably proceed to 5G technological evolution as well, with system capacity and information rates (date rates) being driven by demanding services, for example, video conference. Yet, the future likewise will be considerably more than only the upgrades to the "conventional" 3G and 4G mobile broadband networks. Future mobile systems and networks ought to offer remote access to anybody and anything. Therefore, later on, wireless communication and wireless access will go past just humans and grow to serve any element that may profit by being connected. This vision generally is alluded to as the Internet of Things (IoT), Machine-to-Machine communication (M2M) and in general "the wireless network society".
FroModern wireless subsystems require on-demand or real-time adjustments to switch to multiple frequency channels/bands to enhance cluttered frequency spectrum utilization for provisioning of flexible policies for telecom operators in Pakistan to evolve emerging technologies like 4G/LTE, 5G imerging wireless networks, Intelligent mutual communication among different devices in order to develop a sense of self-adjustment to cope with instabilities and bottlenecks in operation conditions are also in-demand. Despite all the innovations and advancements in telecommunication, information technology and wireless communication industry, the challenge to design and realize wireless communication devices such as antennas and microwave based devices enabling such capabilities is still intact. The research outcome of this proposed project is intended to provide a prospective solution to aforementioned problem.
This project aims to deliver a physically viable and operating prototype of shape-reconfigurable liquid metal alloy based antenna for 5G and immerging wireless networks applications operating at 15 GHz. The specific goal of this project is to provide a dynamic platform and technological support in realization of future immerging wireless networks such as 5G, Internet of Things (IoT), cognitive radios, machine-to-machine communication, wearable devices and Virtual Reality (VR) systems in Pakistan. It will be demonstrated that the shape-reconfigurable liquid metal antenna proposed in this project is able to shift its operating frequency to desired range by modifying the physical shape of antenna electronically without the need of any surplus complexity and added circuitry or switching network/mechanism. The need for development of such systems is specifically addressed in later sections of this proposal. The project is expected to be completed in a period of two years beginning from May 1, 2017 to April 31, 2019. The maximum project cost is limited to 10 Million PKR which is distributed over variety of heads such as project development, human resource development and technology transfer etc.